Canberra Population

Canberra is the federal capital of Australia. It is located in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), southeastern Australia. It is approximately 150 miles (240km) southwest of Sydney. Canberra is located astride the Molonglo River which is a tributary to the Murrumbidgee River.

Canberra is both the capital and the state capital of Australia Capital Territory. Canberra is home to approximately 390,000. This population represents 1.64% of Australia’s total population. It has approximately 50.5% of the population being females and 49.5% men. It is located between Sydney and Melbourne and nestled between Australia’s highest alpine mountain ranges and the South East Coast New South Wales.

Canberra Population 2018-2022

Table of the Canberra, Australia metropolitan area’s population growth and level from 2018 to 2022.

  • In 2019, Canberra’s metro area had 452,000 people, an increase of 0.89% over 2018.
  • In 2020, Canberra’s metro population was 457,000. This is an increase of 1.11% from 2019.
  • In 2021, Canberra’s metro area had 462,000 people. This is a 1.09% increase over 2020.
  • Canberra’s metro population in 2022 will be 467,000. This is a 1.08% increase over 2021.

Canberra has seen strong and sustained growth. It has added approximately 30,000 people to its population since 2012. This is expected to continue. The growth can be attributed to a variety of factors, including natural increase, retention, interstate and international immigration, as well as overseas and domestic migration. Canberra’s strong economy and attractive social and natural assets attract new residents.

Population Growth

In 1908, Canberra was chosen to be the country’s capital. Two architects from Chicago, Illinois were given the task of designing the blueprint for the city in 1911. The Federal Parliament was seated in its new offices by 1927.

The city’s population was just over 1,700 in 1911. It grew quickly to nearly 9,000 people by 1930. In 1971, the city’s population had reached more than 100,000. The population grew to over 300,000.

Demography of Canberra

According to census data, Canberrans have five major ancestries: English, Irish and Scottish. Mandarin, Cantonese and Spanish are the top languages spoken in Canberra (other than English). Australia, England China India New Zealand Vietnam are the top six countries where people were born in Canberra.

Additional Demographic Information about Canberra – 2022

Canberra’s population is diverse. This can be seen in the large number of people shown above. This information is based upon the most recent government census. It is possible that today’s population has changed.

Male and female

The ratio of Canberra’s male and female residents. It doesn’t take into consideration other genders. Eg: Transgender . These statistics are based upon the most recent census from government.

Male Population 49.3%


Female Population 50.7%

219,205 Women


Canberra’s religious makeup is

26.6% Catholic, 15.1% Anglican., 3.3% Uniting Church., 2.4% Presbyterian. Reformed., 2.2% Eastern Orthodox., 2.5% Buddhism., 2.1% Christian., 2.0% Islam., 7.5% Other religions.

Canberra’s Average Weather All Year

Summer (December-February)

Summer temperatures in Canberra range from 12.6 to 27degC (54.7 to 80.6degF), with very little humidity and balmy evenings.

Autumn (March-May)

Autumn temperatures fall to 6.8 – 20degC (444.2 – 68degF), with cool nights and mild days.

Winter (June – August)

Winter in Canberra is cold. Average temperatures range from 1 to 12 degrees Celsius (33.8 – 53.6degF), with nighttime lows of 0 degrees Celsius

Spring (September-November)

Spring brings fresh mornings, cool nights and temperatures between 6 and 19 degrees Celsius (42.8 to 66.2 degrees F).

Average Temperature in Canberra

  • The cool season lasts 3.3 months and is between May 25-September 2. It has an average daily high temperature of 58degF. July is Canberra’s coldest month, with an average temperature of 34 degrees and a high of 52 degrees.
  • The warm season lasts 3.3 months and is from December 4 through March 13. It has an average daily temperature of 76 degF. January is Canberra’s hottest month with an average temperature of 82degF, and a low of 57degF.

Leave a Comment